Laying your own artificial grass
As regularly asked, this page contains information on the materials and tools you’ll need to lay your own artificial grass.
If you purchase Royal Grass® including laying service, the installer will bring these materials with him. Naturally, the costs of these materials will be included in the estimate. If you are planning to lay artificial grass yourself, you will need to purchase all the materials and tools. YouTube contains a number of videos that show you how to lay artificial grass, or watch our videos.
Fabric under the artificial grass
It is advisable to lay a pressure-distributing fabric under the artificial grass. There are a number of advantages to this fabric. Firstly, it protects your foundation from damage during installation. The foundation remains nice and flat as a result. It also provides added protection from point loads after laying your grass. In addition, it helps prevent weeds and ants from getting under the grass. Considering all the advantages, the minor extra cost of a pressure-distributing fabric is a very worthwhile investment.
Artificial grass base layer
For added comfort or safety, a soft base layer can be installed under the artificial grass. This layer can be made of different types of materials. The most common material is recycled rubber or foam. A foam layer is not always necessary, however. But if laying turf at a playground over pavement, such as tiles, concrete or asphalt, we recommend this for the safety of your child. For public use such as in restaurants, day-care centres or school, it is mandatory in most cases. The cost of a foam layer can be quite high. Make sure to get good advice.
Adhesive tape for artificial grass
Different strips of artificial grass are connected (adhered) using seam tape. There are two methods for this. A new development is the use of self-adhesive tape. This tape is rolled out under the artificial grass where the seams are adhered. The film is then removed and the grass pressed firmly onto the tape. The advantage of self-adhesive tape is that it is fast, clean and easy to work with.
Another method is to use glue and separate seam tape. The connecting principle is the same. The seam tape is rolled out under the various strips of artificial grass. Only the adhesive layer (glue) itself is applied with a palette knife. This glue has very high adhesive strength and is recommended for artificial grass lawns subjected to intensive use. When using the glue, be careful not to spill any on the artificial grass, as it is difficult to remove.
Filler sand for artificial grass
Adding filler to the artificial grass cover after installation is optional (with the exception of a number of grass types that are always filled with sand). The filler material increases the weight of the artificial grass cover. The sand provides stability and protects the backing during intensive use. This added weight keeps the artificial grass firmly in place and prevents wrinkles or creases from developing during use. The sand also supports the artificial grass fibres and ensures that they remain upright.
The filler sand should not be confused with ‘soil’. This sand is developed specifically for this purpose and artificial grass with this sand is a low-maintenance and clean surface. The sand does not contain any organic materials and therefore does not constitute soil in which weeds can grow. Since the sand does not retain moisture, it will not become muddy when wet. After a rain shower, the grass dries quickly and is clean. The sand is ‘heavy’ – it will not blow away and will not stick to your shoes.
When laying a lawn that will be subjected to intensive use, such as a playing lawn for children, we always recommend adding a thin layer of sand. This extends the life span of the lawn. The amount of sand added depends on the type of product (minimum of approx. 5 kg per m2). Make sure to use the right type of sand (dried, round silica sand), as not every type of sand is suitable.
Securing the artificial grass
When using filler sand as described above, you do not need to take any extra measures to secure the artificial grass. The weight of the sand keeps the grass cover in place. Even without the sand, artificial grass is often heavy enough to remain in place without being secured. Naturally, the amount of use it is subjected to plays a role. An artificial grass cover for decorative purposes will be used less often than a playing field for children.
However, it is important that the foundation – the surface under the artificial grass – is slightly lower than the kerb. This keeps you from getting your foot caught on the edge when walking onto the turf. If this happens, we recommend securing the grass on the kerb side with iron or flat tent pegs.
The situation is different on a balcony or roof terrace, where wind can play a role. The advantage of a roof terrace or balcony is that you can always glue the artificial grass to the surface. (Important: do not glue it onto roofing paper without first obtaining advice, as this can damage the roof – with all the resulting consequences.)
See our DIY manual for detailed information about installing artificial grass yourself.